About Lung Cancer

Lung cancers are also known as bronchogenic carcinomas. This kind of cancer is broadly classified into two types, according to their appearance under the microscope. The most common type are small cell lung cancers, this kind of cancer is highly associated with smoking. Non-small cell lung cancer is an umbrella term for several types of lung cancers that behave in a similar way. Non-small cell lung cancers include squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and large cell carcinoma.

Signs and symptoms of Lung Cancer may include:

  • A new cough
  • Changes in a chronic cough or “smoker’s cough”
  • Coughing up blood, even a small amount
  • Chest pain
  • Wheezing and shortness of breath
  • Repeated respiratory tract infections
  • Hoarseness
  • Unexplainable weight loss
  • Bone pain
  • Headache

Causes of Lung Cancer

Smoking is the single major cause of Lung cancer, and the risk of developing lung cancer increases according to the length of time and number of cigarettes you have smoked. However, there are additional risk factors for developing this disease. A family history of lung cancer will increase the likelihood of developing cancer, as well as excessive alcohol consumption. In addition, certain lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease may increase the risk of developing lung cancer.

How to Reduce the Odds of Getting Cancer

The thought of developing cancer can be worrying.  You will be happy to know that there are a number of ways that you can reduce the risk of getting cancer. These guidelines will not only reduce the risk, but it will also help you build a happy and healthy lifestyle.

As mentioned above, smoking is the main cause for lung cancer. If you are a smoker the best thing you can do is quit as soon as possible. It can be a challenge, especially for people who have been smoking for many years, but the payoff is well worth it. There are some studies that show your risk of cancer drops even after you quit smoking for just one day. That number rises each consecutive day, week, month, and year that you kick the habit.

Another great way to reduce the risk of lung cancer is simply exercising daily. You do not have to do strenuous weight training either, a simple brisk walk can do wonders. Studies show that getting 30 minutes of workout time a day helps reduce the risk of cancer, heart disease, and a number of other health issues.

Finally, switching your diet can also help reduce the odds of getting this illness. You should aim for at least one healthy meal a day, if not more. Reduce your intake of sugars, processed starches, and generally speaking any type of “fast food.”

Changing your lifestyle can be a hard adjustment to make. If you could implement these changes, one step at a time you will see results. You will feel better, and reduce the odds of contracting lung cancer.

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